Working Principle Of Washing Machine

Working Principle Of Washing MachineDon’t you use a washing machine probably daily? You have been washing your clothes for years without thinking much about the functionality of this machine? How does a washing machine clean clothes? What’s inside this electronics appliance? How does it spin from one direction to the other? How does it take water to wash out the laundry and dries them up without any particular heating system? These are the question we need to ask ourselves. Curiosity takes us from one stage to the other and never stops learning.

Here we are with a detailed guide, the working principle of a washing machine. Don’t leave; stick to reading and have a complete insight into the washing machine.

How Does Washing Machine Work?

There are two main types of washing machines working in Saudi Arabia. Here you see these two types of washing machines everywhere, and the market is just flooded with dozens of brands and hundreds of products.

  1. Semi-automatic washing machine
  2. Fully automatic washing machine

The fully automatic washing machines are more convenient and offer a great range of functionality. You get fully automatic functions that carry out the washing without any manual interference.  They are a little more budget-friendly, and you spend a normal price to get actually purchase.

The semi-automatic is needed for your assistant to get the job done. Here, you will have to pour in the water and set up the timer manually. Here we will explain the functionality of both the washing machine.

Semi-Automatic Washing Machine Working

Semi-automatic machines work entirely differently. Here the manual instructions are needed, and you need to be around the washing machine when the process is taking out. You cannot just go out and put the laundry in to handle the full control of the machine. It will not click the next operation without external commands or instructions.

The cycles of washing are quite similar; the machine totally depends on the manual input. You tell it every step and instruct it exactly what to do. You put the water manually; you fill a tub and pour the water into the washing tub. The machine never instructs you about the level of water, the way we handle water in fully automatic machines.

After that, you put the detergent in the detergent box and put your water. All instructions are given on the control panel. You switch to the pre-soak option. Soaking the clothes before the actual washing cycle makes the stains weaker, and you get them washed away quite easily.

The next comes the washing type; you get different washing types. In the most semi-automatic washing machine, we see three different washing types.

  1. Delicate
  2. Normal
  3. Hard

You can switch to any of the mentioned and set the washing period in minutes. The machine will complete the cycle in the set time span and, after that, will require the next command line.

Here is a semi-automatic washing machine; you have the choice of draining the dirty water or use it once more. If you are facing water shortages, use the same water again. The next comes the drying process. In semi-automatic machines, we get a separate drying section.

You put the soaking water into the section and use the spin to dry the clothes completely. They do not dry out completely, about 80% extracted from them. It would help if you had the drying line-up to get the complete drying of the clothes.

Fully Automatic Washing Machine Working

The fully automatic machine holds two steel tubs inside. In the inner and outer tube, the inner tube has an agitator, with holes perforated, which helps the drain water removed from the inner tub the outer tub.

The fully automatic machine moves the clothes from one direction to the other from start to finish without any external assistant. The working principle of a fully automatic machine is quite impressive, and for a novice, it would be hard to get the entire process.

The work includes washing, rinsing, spinning, and drying. During each cycle, the machine releases the detergent that we fill before carrying out the washing process. With every cycle, the machine fill-in the freshwater and drained out the dirty water.

The first cycle is known as the washing cycle, when the machine takes the detergent and cleans the clothes thoroughly from moving one direction to the other direction. In the second cycle, the soapy water is drained, and fresh water is added, which removes the soap residue from the clothes. In the third cycle, fresh water is added, which removes the remaining soaps from the clothes. The soapy water is then drained, the machine movies quickly and removes all the water from the clothes.

The laundry after that is taken out, and we spread it on the drying line-up for complete drying. In the complete process, you are not required to assist the machine in carrying out any operation manually. In fact, you cannot make the machine stop and open the lid to add some more laundry until the machine itself completes the washing and drying.

Each cycle clicks over to the next automatically; that’s why we call it a fully automatic machine with advanced washing functions. In fully automatic washing machines, you can use hot water to wash and rinse. To get this, you will have to push the hot water button, the hot rode starts heating the water from the inside, and you get hot water ranging 55-90 degrees centigrade.

Fully automatic washing machines can further be divided into two types. 

  1. Front Load Washing Machine
  2. Top Load Washing Machine

Front Loading Working Principal 

You get a front door to put the load into the drum. The drum wash, rinse, and spins the laundry. Here you see the different working principles; the clothes are tossed from one direction to another as the drum moves. Most of the front-load washing machine uses agitator washing style to wash and rinse the clothes.

Top Loading Working Principal 

In a top-loading washing machine, you load the washing machine from the top. The drum here does not move from one direction to the other, but the machine’s base rotates and moves the clothes thoroughly. Here, the machine’s base takes clockwise and anti-clockwise rotation to fully wash the dresses.

Wael Abdul Karim
Latest posts by Wael Abdul Karim (see all)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Scroll to Top